ROSANES, SOLOMON ABRAHAM

ROSANES, SOLOMON ABRAHAM (1862–1938), historian. He was born in Ruschuk (Ruse), Bulgaria. While still in his teens he began to engage in money changing, and in 1878 he was attacked by robbers and seriously injured. After his recovery, acting upon a vow he had taken, he devoted himself to writing, but had to combine his studies with business as his father died and he had to support his family. During his many business trips, he managed to pursue research in libraries and archives in various localities. During World War I, he settled in Sofia, where he served as librarian of the Jewish community and resided until his death. Rosanes contributed to Hebrew, Ladino, Romanian, and Bulgarian publications, writing chiefly on the history of the Jews in the Balkans. His works include a genealogy of the Rosanes family (French, 1885); Shekel Yisrael, a treatise on ancient Jewish coins; and a history of the Jewish community of Ruschuk (Ladino, 1914). His major work was Korot ha-Yehudim be-Turkyah ve-Arẓot ha-Kedem ("A History of the Jews in Turkey and in the Orient," 6 vols., 1930–45), of great importance because of the wealth of source material it contains. Part of it appeared under its original title, Divrei Yemei Yisrael be-Togarmah (1907–14). Rosanes, who knew many languages, also wrote Safah Aḥat u-Devarim Aḥadim (1928–29), a study on the beginnings of human speech, in which he propounded the view that all languages had developed from a pre-biblical Hebrew. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha-Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ Yisrael, 2 (1937), 638–42; Z. Harkavy, in: Ḥokhmat Yisrael be-Ma'arav Eiropah, 2 (1963), 249–56; E. Eškenazi, in: Bulgarska akademiya na naukite, 13 (1963), 113–21. (Tovia Preschel)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rosanes, Solomon Abraham — (1862 1938)    Bul garian historian. He was born in Ruschuk. He was a businessman, but devoted himself to Jewish studies, and during World War I settled in Sofia, where he became librarian of the Jewish community. He published studies of Jewish… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • ELIJAH BEN SOLOMON ABRAHAM HA-KOHEN OF SMYRNA — (d. 1729), one of the outstanding preachers of his time. Born in Smyrna, Elijah spent most of his life there as a preacher, dayyan, and rabbi. Elijah came from a family of rabbis and writers; his grandfather, R. Michael ha Kohen, wrote exegetical …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ROSANES — (Rosales), Spanish family originating in the town of Castallvi de Rosanes, near Barcelona. With the expulsion of the Jews from Spain, the members of this family emigrated to Portugal. There they were compelled to convert to Christianity, changing …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ROSANES, JUDAH BEN SAMUEL — (1657–1727), Turkish rabbi, posek and preacher. Rosanes was born in Constantinople. He studied under R. Solomon ha Levi the Elder and R. Joseph b. Isaiah Trani (grandson of joseph b. moses trani ). In his youth, he worked in the business of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ASHKENAZI, BEZALEL BEN ABRAHAM — (c. 1520–1591/94), talmudist and halakhic authority. Ashkenazi was born in Jerusalem or in Safed, where he studied in his youth under Israel di curiel . About 1540 he went to Egypt where he studied in Cairo under david b. solomon ibn Abi Zimra.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LURIA, ISAAC BEN SOLOMON — (1534–1572), kabbalist, referred to as Ha Ari (האר״י; the (sacred) lion from the initials of האלוהי רבי יצחק; Ha Elohi Rabbi Yiẓḥak, the divine Rabbi ). This cognomen was in use by the end of the 16th century, apparently at first in kabbalistic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALEGRE, ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON — (1560–1652), rabbi and scholar of Constantinople …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • IBN ḤABIB, JACOB BEN SOLOMON — (1445?–1515/16), rabbinic scholar. Jacob was born in Zamora in Castile, Spain, where he is said to have been a pupil of Samuel Valency, and was one of the renowned scholars of Castile, heading a yeshivah in Salamanca which was one of the largest… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LANIADO, RAPHAEL SOLOMON BEN SAMUEL — (d. 1793), rabbi and halakhic authority. Born in aleppo , Laniado was rabbi there from 1740 until his death. He was noted for his firmness which left no place for compromise. In the 1760s he was the cause of a stormy controversy within the Jewish …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • LEVI (Bet ha-Levi), SOLOMON (II) BEN ISAAC — (1532–1600), rabbi, commentator, author, and community leader. Solomon was a member of the bet ha levi family which originated from Portugal. He was born in Salonika. His life and activity can be divided into two main periods. During the first… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.